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Genetically modified plants

Genetically modified plants or crops are those containing a gene or genes that were inserted or transferred artificially instead of the conventional methods.

The transferred gene could be from another plant of the same type or from another type, for example, the transgenic BT corn automatically produces a pesticide as it contains a gene transferred to the plant from bacteria. this gene produces toxins called Bacillus thuringiensis Bt, which naturally exist in the soil bacteria. Those plants containing transferred genes are called genetically modified plants or crops.

 

 

 

Processing high-protein foods

The lack of food problem in the world, mainly protein rich foods, as well as the spread of malnutrition, are receiving increasing attention from the scientific and international organizations and governments, especially in the developing countries, including the Arab countries. One person in the developing countries consumes half the protein portion consumed by one person in the developed countries, which means that there is a shortage in protein intake in the developing countries, in addition to the poor quality of this important element, leading to diseases related to malnutrition, variably increasing or decreasing from a country to another.

 

Facts about obesity

Obesity is defined as being 20 percent overweight over the ideal weight of the body. Most obesity cases are caused by lack of food awareness and consuming too much food of bad quality as well as lack of movement and exerting efforts. Reasons could be inherited, consuming too much food, unhealthy lifestyle, and lack of activity, gland dysfunctions and some medications.  

Several diseases are related to obesity, making it become a key for diseases, mainly cardiac and blood vessels diseases, as well as respiratory, glands and digestive systems’ diseases, in addition to joints pains and psychological disturbances and a higher death rate.

 

 

The influence of agricultural technologies on the nutritional value of vegetables

In order for a human being to get a full nutritional value of food, it is necessary to consume a variety of foods with a certain amount of calories. The nutritional value of the vegetables is determined by its content of carbohydrates, protein and far, as well as minerals and flavours. An adult needs 714 grams of food of animal sources, 1225 grams of foods from plants and 400 grams of vegetables.

Vegetables claim a major position of the nutritional intake of the people pf Jordan, Syria and Lebanon, where vegetable production has been increasing over the recent years. Those countries use advanced technologies that are as developed as those used in the Mediterranean region, such as using protected farming, drip irrigation and providing the ideal conditions for biological and organic farming, helping the countries to export in winter and spring to the European markets.

 

Biological security

The rapid development in the poultry sector and the spread of various diseases makes it vital to apply a biological security program to ensure the safety of this sector.

Poultry processing is one of the main bases of the national income, and despite the huge advance in the industry, and despite the fact that Jordan is self-sufficient in eggs and white meat, huge losses were suffered due to viral and bacterial diseases, mainly because of not abiding by the biological security programs.

* Biological security is maintaining high health standards and eliminating diseases and their causes.

 

Vegetables as foods and medications

The more the luxury standards exist in a society, the more vegetables are consumed as a main source of vitamins and minerals, which becomes significantly important when high amounts of animal fat and calories are consumed, as well as concentrated or dried foods.

The current advancement in vegetables farming does not cope with the current demands for several reasons, mainly the increase in consuming fast foods and pastries, grains and potatoes and junk foods, as well as the decrease of physical effort in the time of technological revolution. . 

 

The consumed amounts of vegetables are relatively low, besides being consumed in its cooked or canned form, in the time 60 – 70 percent of it should be consumed fresh, in the biological activity form.